Efficient crop protection is the process of managing pests and diseases. It includes the use of different strategies, tools, and products to protect crops. Plants can be damaged or destroyed by pests, which include weeds, diseases, and viruses. Efficient crop protection reduces these risks, which include crop losses. Some of these strategies include culture protection, which allows farmers to monitor climate change and detect the emergence of dangerous weeds early.
Changes in climatic conditions have increased the number of pests and diseases. This has decreased crop yield and reduced productivity. Increasing awareness of post-harvest losses and improved infrastructure facilities for pest control practices have also helped reduce crop losses. Efficient crop protection practices are essential to protect crops and reduce the impact of climate change on food production.
Advances in agronomy are an integral part of the solution to climate change. They help farmers produce more food per unit of land, reducing the need for additional land. They also help prevent human expansion into the Amazon rainforest, which serves a higher purpose as a carbon sink and biodiversity preserve.
Various types of pesticides are used to protect crops. Among them, synthetic chemicals are the most widely used. These chemicals are cheaper than natural chemicals and provide targeted pest control. However, there is a growing demand for biologically-sourced protection products, which are made from natural sources.